Gum disease, more formally known as Periodontitis, is an infection or inflammation of the gums. Seeking a dentist’s opinion as soon as possible can help minimise the damage caused by gum disease. Gum disease can cause red, swollen, tender or bleeding gums, gum recession, bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth, and loose teeth. Treatment options include specific thorough cleaning techniques with your dentist, improving your home brushing and flossing techniques, and assessing whether you need specialist periodontal treatment.